Jamahiriya is a word coined by Mu'ammar Gaddafi in Libya to describe his idea of a "state of the masses" where direct democracy in line with The Green Book would prevail. In Arabic, joumhouriya, means republic. Gaddafi said that the French revolution ushered in the "Era of the Republics" and that his 1st September 1969 military coup and ensuing Libyan Revolution ushered in the "Era of the Masses" with the handing of power to the people via People's Conferences and People's Committees on 2nd March 1977.

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